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Logic Puzzles for Kids: A Strategy for Improving Problem Solving Skills

In order for elementary students to improve their problem solving skills, they need to grow in their logical thinking, critical thinking, and reasoning skills. How do you promote these skills in your classroom? One of the best ways to address these skills during math is through the implementation of logic puzzles for kids, also known as missing number puzzles or number logic puzzles. They provide students with opportunities to fine-tune these important skills in fun and engaging ways and greatly improve problem solving skills for kids and logic for kids at the elementary level. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students love solving logic puzzles designed for kids!

This blog post will answer the following questions:

  • What is logic?
  • Can you give an example of logic?
  • What is math logic?
  • What is it important to teach logic, critical thinking, and reasoning?
  • How can I teach my students logic in fun and engaging ways?
a girl using math shapes

What is Logic?

Logic is a tool that helps people make sense of information by analyzing relationships and structures to make conclusions in a systematic way. Logical thinking, critical thinking, and reasoning are integral foundational skills in math. As a result, it is very important to begin teaching these skills at the elementary level. A fun way to do this is through logic puzzles for kids and math puzzles for kids!

What is an Example of Logic?

A real life example of someone not using logic is if someone sees a drum set they like at the store. It’s not on sale so they don’t buy it. The person finds the same drum set at another store and it is 50% off; however, the actual cost of the drum set is cheaper at the first store. They buy the one that is on sale without analyzing the actual cost of the drum set. This example clearly demonstrated why logic is so important!

What is Math Logic?

Math logic is applying the principles of logic to mathematical situations. In simpler terms, it is critically analyzing and thinking through problems that involve math to make sense of the problem. A fun way for your elementary students to practice math logic is through math logic puzzles for kids!

What is the Importance of Teaching and Practicing Logic, Critical Thinking, and Reasoning?


Practicing logic, critical thinking, and reasoning is essential for students for many reasons. Practicing these skills stimulates and trains their brains to naturally work towards making sense of the world around them and prepares them for being logical and critical thinkers and decision makers. It also helps them develop a growth mindset around math.

5 Reasons to Teach Logic in Math

Here are 5 reasons why it’s important to teach elementary students logic in math:

  1. Prepares students for more complex mathematics (e.g. proofs in geometry).
  2. Develops students’ critical thinking and reasoning skills.
  3. Provides an opportunity for cooperative learning.
  4. Equips students with a strong mathematical foundation.
  5. Fine tunes students’ problem solving skills and stimulates their brain.

5 Reasons to Teach Critical Thinking in Math

Here are 5 reasons why it’s important to teach elementary students critical thinking in math:

  1. Develops students’ ability to connect ideas.
  2. Enhances students’ ability to clearly articulate arguments and thinking.
  3. Leads to future academic and professional success.
  4. Contributes to students’ ability to problem solve and make effective decisions.
  5. Promotes creativity among students working in a group.

5 Reasons to Teach Reasoning in Math

Here are 5 reasons why it’s important to teach elementary students reasoning in math:

  1. Increases students’ ability to articulate why their answer makes sense.
  2. Develops students’ understanding that math makes sense and is made up of patterns, properties, and formulas.
  3. Provides an opportunity for cooperative learning.
  4. Leads students with the skills needed for future academic and professional success.
  5. Enhances students’ ability to problem solve and make quality decisions.

3 Fun Ways to Teach Logic

  • Logic puzzles for kids: These fun and engaging math logic puzzles invite students to think critically about numbers, learn through trial and error, and use logic to systematically solve a problem. They are great because students love critical thinking puzzles and they even help them practice having a growth mindset in math.
  • Number talks: Hosting number talks at the beginning of a math lesson is a great way to model and discuss how to approach problems and situations in a logical and methodical way. Remember to ask students follow up questions to their responses: Why do you think that? How do you know? Part of mastering logical thinking is being able to justify their answers and explain it to others in a clear and concise way.
  • Board games: There are tons of fun and easy board games out there that provide opportunities for students to practice logical thinking. Some of my favorites are Mastermind, Blokus, Monopoly, Qwirkle, Battleship, and Connect Four. Board games also provide a great way for kids to develop problem solving skills when working with partners or small groups.
3rd grader working on number tile math puzzle activity

GET THE NUMBER TILE PUZZLES

math number tile puzzles for addition and subtractionmath number tile puzzles for multiplication and division
elementary student glueing number tile on math center activity puzzle

We would love for you to try these logic puzzle resources with your students. Your students will have so much fun with these find the missing number puzzle activities and you will love that they come with an answer key. This resource offers them opportunities to practice logic, critical thinking, and reasoning skills, as well as math fact fluency practice. You can download logic puzzle worksheets specific to your grade level (along with lots of other math freebies) in our free printable math resources bundle using this link:: free printable math activities for elementary teachers.

Check out my logic puzzles for kids!

Learn about the importance of teaching logical thinking and reasoning to elementary students during math instruction by reading this blog post. Get fun and easy ideas and printable resources to help you teach kids to be critical and logical thinkers. #logicalthinking #logicalthinker #logic #elementarymath

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